You might not think often about how your air conditioner operates, but it depends on refrigerant to keep your house cold. This refrigerant is subject to environmental laws, since it contains chemicals.

Subject to when your air conditioner was added to your home, it may require R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Long Island, as well as how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was added before 2010, it possibly uses Freon®. You can learn if your air conditioner contains it by calling us at 631-737-5566. You can also examine the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your home. This sticker will contain information on what kind of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also known as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be damaging to the earth’s ozone layer and one that leads to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which controls refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its manufacture and import in January 2020.

Should I Replace My R-22 Air Conditioner?

It differs. If your air conditioning is cooling as designed, you can continue to keep it. With regular air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to operate around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy says that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling costs!

If you don’t replace your air conditioner, it may lead to difficulties if you need air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs can be pricier, since only reduced levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is on hand.

With the phaseout of R-22, many new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also referred to as R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer strong. As it calls for an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t work with air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to contribute to global warming. As a result, it may also sometime be ended. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s expected sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Replace R-410A?

In preparation of the phaseout, some brands have initiated using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant is classified low for global warming potential—about one-third less than R-410A. And it also lowers energy use by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be forwarded on to you through your cooling expenses.

Airmax Long Island Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In short, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t affect you greatly until you have to have repairs. But as we went over previously, refrigerant repairs may be pricier because of the reduced quantities that are accessible.

In addition to that, your air conditioner often stops working at the worst time, frequently on the hottest day when we’re getting a lot of other appointments for AC repair.

If your air conditioner requires a phased out refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we suggest getting an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This ensures a trouble-free summer and can even decrease your electrical expenses, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Airmax Long Island offers many financing solutions to make your new air conditioner fit your budget. Contact us at 631-737-5566 to get started right away with a free estimate.